Own business: model workshop
In the construction of buildings, especially entire complexes of buildings, it is often necessary to create layouts that exactly repeat the future construction at the desired scale. However, not only mockups of buildings are created, but equipment, premises, and not every company has the ability to maintain a staff of mockups, especially if it is necessary to create mockups only at certain, not very frequent intervals. In this regard, it may be relevant to create your own prototyping workshop, in which layouts are carried out according to customer orders. At first glance, it seems that this is a very specific activity that will not pay for itself as an organized business, but the successful experience of many companies suggests the opposite.
Currently, there are several large companies on the market that operate in several regions of Russia, have representative offices and partners in many cities, they have an established work scheme, an excellent reputation and a large client base. It will be very difficult to compete with such companies, so it is better to focus on ensuring that customers are offered that for some reason cannot turn to large design workshops. Most often this is due to the high cost of such companies. The lower price is actually the only possible competitive advantage at first, otherwise the big companies will almost certainly be ahead of the newcomer – they have more experienced staff, more advanced equipment, and a good reputation. Competitors can be not only large companies, but also single-model makers who offer their services to customers at a fairly low price. At the same time, such people practically cannot inflate prices, because otherwise they will lose the opportunity to at least attract customers. Among such singles you can find professionals in their field who can really create very good layouts. In this case, the company that has opened can offer such cooperation to people, and this will allow solving several problems at once: they will be able to get rid of the competitor, and the personnel issue will be solved.
As for the model companies, which are on the same level as the start-up entrepreneur, they can become a very serious problem, because a potential client will not see much difference between such workshops. On the other hand, taking into account the specifics of the business, one can say that even in large cities there are not yet a large number of companies that are engaged in such work, that is, the market has not been filled to some extent. The market doesn’t have a shortage of offers in most cases, but still if you offer the client something completely new or just cheaper / better, then a new player will almost certainly receive attention from many customers. Only it is necessary to take into account that such a business will almost certainly be possible only in relatively large cities, because in small ones there will not be enough customers to support their company even, not to mention profit. Moreover, if an enterprise or a private person located in a small city needs a model, it can order it with delivery from a large company. Thus, it is better to work initially not only with companies that work in their city or region, but also with customers from all over the country.
To get started, you need to register as a business entity. If an entrepreneur opens a business on his own, then it will be enough for him to take shape as an individual entrepreneur, while this will not take much time and will not require investing large amounts of money, will not take much time and effort, that is, in many cases this is the most optimal solution, especially considering simplicity of accounting and bookkeeping later. If there is a need to register a legal entity, then a preferred form is a limited liability company, because in this case, as in the case of individual entrepreneurship, a simplified taxation system will be available, which involves transfer to the state no more than 6% of income or 15% of operating profit. The activity itself falls under the definition (JCPA 2) 71.12 Engineering design services and related technical advisory services.
No special permits are required for work unless the company does not directly participate in the construction process. Usually, model workshops simply create a model that is most often used for demonstration at exhibitions, but not as a model for construction, that is, although it is an engineering designed layout, it cannot be strictly accepted in construction. If the layout is a project for construction work, and calculations will be made on it, then you need to think about joining a self-regulating organization.