We open a brick workshop
Brick is one of the most popular building materials. Production of bricks as a business is interesting because along with large enterprises, it is possible to produce bricks with minimal investment.
Production of bricks and brick products is a business that is accessible to everyone, even a beginning entrepreneur. Modern automated brick production lines make it possible to minimize the use of manual labor and obtain a diverse range of products. The business provides a fairly high profitability and reasonable payback period of the initial investment.
Brick production: prospects and volumes of the market
Brick is one of the most versatile building materials in Russia. Growing construction volumes imply an increasing consumption of the economy. In terms of creating a business, the production of bricks is interesting because along with large enterprises, it is possible to produce bricks with the involvement of minimal investments.
The main consumers of bricks are construction organizations. About 70% of the brick goes to housing.
About 700 enterprises are engaged in brick production. As a rule, they sell their products on the territory of their region, since the delivery of bricks over long distances can significantly increase its price. It is economically advantageous to supply bricks no more than 200-300 kilometers, if we are talking about road transport.
The largest number of bricks is produced and sold in the Central Federal District, as the most economically active. Since 2015, the production of ceramic brick fell, in 2017 – slightly increased. As for silica brick, there is a steady downward trend in its production on the market.
This situation in the brick market is due to several factors. The main one is the decline in incomes of the population, which began in 2014 and continues today, as a result of which residents of the Russian Federation invest less and less money in housing. Another factor contributing to the decline in the number of brick production is the increasing use of alternative methods of erecting buildings, such as erection of buildings from sandwich panels, solid construction, construction of wood. It should be noted that the construction of brick, with all its advantages, is one of the most expensive and long-term ways of building buildings.
In the Russian Federation there is seasonality in the production of bricks. Maximum production volumes occur in the summer and autumn months, that is, during the period when spring stocks are already sold out and construction is activated.
Types and classification of brick products
First of all, brick differs in the material from which it is made.
Ceramic bricks are made from clay with various additives. The main production of silicate brick is quartz rock, that is, sand. Hyper pressed brick is produced by pressing in special forms of screenings of marble, shell rock or dolomite, or from cement, quartz sand and granite rubble.
The second classification of a brick is based on its purpose. Allocate building or ordinary brick, facing brick, which is divided into textured and shaped options, kiln or refractory brick. Also distinguished clinker brick, which is made from refractory grades of clay.
Depending on the nature of the filling, the brick is subdivided into full-bodied and hollow.
In Russia, three standard sizes of bricks are standardized, bricks are also produced according to European standard sizes.
As you can see, bricks are of completely different types, each of which has its own characteristics of production and scope. Carefully analyze the market of brick products in your region and find those types of bricks in the segment of which the competition is lower or higher than its consumption. Pay attention to the quality of products on the market. If you can provide the best quality, this will be a significant competitive advantage, since many consumers are willing to pay a higher price for the exclusive quality of the product.
We open a brick workshop
Brick production technology
Let us say a few words about the main technologies for the production of brick products, since the type of purchased equipment depends on this. Immediately make a reservation that the production technology is a complex process, in which there are nuances and subtleties. We will not dwell on the technological moments of production in detail, but describe only the essence of the technologies used, on which the type of equipment used will depend.
The basis of technology for the production of silicate brick is pressing. At the first stage, the mixture for the production of bricks is prepared, which consists of lime, water and sand. Next comes the pressing and autoclave brick processing.